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Saturday, August 1, 2020 | History

2 edition of The Role of Psychosocial Factors in the Pathogenesis of Coronary Heart Disease, 1980 found in the catalog.

The Role of Psychosocial Factors in the Pathogenesis of Coronary Heart Disease, 1980

The Role of Psychosocial Factors in the Pathogenesis of Coronary Heart Disease, 1980

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Published by S. Karger AG (Switzerland) .
Written in English

    Subjects:
  • Cardiology,
  • Medical / Nursing

  • Edition Notes

    ContributionsA. D. Appels (Editor), P. Falger (Editor)
    The Physical Object
    FormatPaperback
    Number of Pages160
    ID Numbers
    Open LibraryOL12929185M
    ISBN 10380552286X
    ISBN 109783805522861
    OCLC/WorldCa74766025

    The role of psychosocial factors, such as the type A behavior pattern, depressive symptoms (depression), and anxiety, in the etiology of hypertension is supported by many epidemiological investigations. However, further studies are warranted because inconsistent results (negative or no associations between such factors and the risk of. Treating depression following myocardial infarction: Can selecting patients on the basis of genetic susceptibility improve psychiatric and medical outcomes? AMERICAN HEART JOURNAL, , (editorial). Williams, R.B. (). Psychosocial and biobehavioral factors and their interplay in coronary heart disease.

      Cardiovascular disease (CVD) represents the leading cause of mortality in both the industrialised and developing world [].Major risk factors on the pathogenesis and precipitation of CVD include age, gender, hypertension, dyslipidaemia, smoking and diabetes [].However, particular emphasis has also been given to the role of psycho-social determinants, such as social isolation, chronic life.   An Expert Working Group of the National Heart Foundation of Australia undertook a review of systematic reviews of the evidence relating to major psychosocial risk factors to assess whether there are independent associations between any of the factors and the development and progression of coronary heart disease (CHD), or the occurrence of acute cardiac events.

    Solid scientific evidence supporting the adverse effects of stress on health began to emerge nearly 30 years ago with the report by Rosenman et al 1 showing that men with type A behavior (time urgency, hostility, achievement striving) were twice as likely as their counterparts with type B behavior (lacking type A characteristics) to develop coronary heart disease (CHD) over an 8-½ year period. Coronary Heart Disease: Risk Factors And Roles Words | 4 Pages. Atherosclerotic Coronary Heart Disease: Risk Factors and Roles Coronary heart disease(CHD) describes the condition of the coronary arteries obstructing due to fatty material build up called ‘plaque’ or ‘atheroma’(1).


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The Role of Psychosocial Factors in the Pathogenesis of Coronary Heart Disease, 1980 Download PDF EPUB FB2

Although psychological factors play an important role in coronary heart diseases (CHD), it seems there is a need for more researches in this respect. The chapter begins by a hypothetical case and an introduction to biomedical risk factors and the etiology of coronary heart disease (CHD). We then review psychosocial etiological risk factors and psychosocial prognostic factors of CHD (e.g., hostility, depression, Type-D personality).Author: Yori Gidron.

In this chapter we review biobehavioral mechanisms linking stress and other psychosocial risk factors to atherosclerosis and overt manifestations of coronary heart disease (CHD). Coronary artery disease, for example, is a progressive disorder, and there is evidence that psychosocial variables play a role at various stages of the disease by: 8.

Aim: This thesis aims to contribute to the better understanding of the role of psychosocial factors in coronary heart disease (CHD) by analysing (1) the relationship of income, anger expression and work stress with prognosis after a cardiac event, (2) potential explanations for these associations and (3) whether a combined intervention consisting of a psychosocial rehabilitation and medical.

"Stress" and coronary heart disease: The Role of Psychosocial Factors in the Pathogenesis of Coronary Heart Disease risk factors Article Literature Review (PDF Available) in The Medical journal of Australia (6) April with 2, Reads.

In this issue of Circulation Research, Chang et al 3 report on the association between a key psychosocial factor—social integration—with incidence of coronary heart disease (CHD) among midlife and older women.

They report that women with the highest levels of social integration (measured by an index of both content and frequency of social. When I organized one of the first conferences on stress and coronary heart disease in West Germany infollowed by conferences in andthe semantic problems between physicians and psychologists were very significant.

However, communication has improved in. How might psychosocial factors be linked to coronary heart disease. Evidence of mechanisms linking psychosocial factors with coronary heart disease (reviewed elsewhere 9,10) is important in making causal inferences and therefore in designing preventive social factors may act alone or combine in clusters 11 and may exert effects at different stages of the life.

Introduction. Research into the influence of psychosocial risk factors on health has exploded over the past few decades. A number of psychological states and traits, acute and chronic stress, and characteristics of one’s social support network have been identified as important predictors of cardiovascular disease (CVD) and disability (Rozanski et al., ; Everson-Rose and Lewis, ).

Do psychosocial factors cause coronary heart disease or affect survival among patients with coronary heart disease. Here we use an explicit methodological quality filter to review systematically the prospective cohort studies testing specific psychosocial hypotheses.

This review of the epidemiological literature identifies the psychosocial factors that have been most rigorously tested. INTRODUCTION. Although recent attention has focused on the role of psychosocial factors in the acute precipitation of myocardial infarction and sudden cardiac death, psychosocial factors may also contribute to the early development of atherosclerosis [].The link between psychologic stress and atherosclerosis may be both direct, via damage of the endothelium, and indirect, via.

Weidner, in International Encyclopedia of the Social & Behavioral Sciences, The Role of Psychosocial Risk Factors. The impact of psychosocial factors on the etiology and prognosis of coronary heart disease has been summarized recently (Hemingway and MarmotRozanski et al. ).These factors include coronary-prone personality attributes such as Type A and hostility, job.

Eriksen W. The role of social support in the pathogenesis of coronary heart disease: a literature review. Fam Pract ; Tennant C. Life stress, social support and coronary heart disease.

Aust N Z J Psychiatry ; Coronary heart disease (CHD) is the leading cause of death for American Indians and Alaska Natives, blacks, Hispanics, and whites. In, people died of heart disease (51% of them women), accounting for 29% of all U.S.

deaths. The Role of Psychosocial Factors in Coronary Heart Disease Psychother. Psychosom. () on the pathogenesis of coronary heart disease.

Reduction of behavioral risk factors should wrote a book on diseases of the heart in 1 He drew attention to the role of. Observational studies indicate that psychologic factors strongly influence the course of coronary artery disease (CAD).

In this review, we examine new epidemiologic evidence for the association between psychosocial risk factors and CAD, identify pathologic mechanisms that may be responsible for this association, and describe a paradigm for studying positive psychologic factors.

The role of psychosocial factors in the pathogenesis of coronary heart disease. Proceedings of a conference held in Maastricht, MarchAbstract—Recent studies provide clear and convincing evidence that psychosocial factors contribute significantly to the pathogenesis and expression of coronary artery disease (CAD).This evidence is composed largely of data relating CAD risk to 5 specific psychosocial domains: (1) depression, (2) anxiety, (3) personality factors and character traits, (4) social isolation, and (5) chronic life.

Recent epidemiological research has confirmed that psychosocial factors are associated with increased risk of developing coronary heart disease (CHD), a major cause of death and disability worldwide.

This association is probably mediated by changes in health risk behaviors and neuroendocrine and autonomic functions that affect metabolic, hemostatic, inflammatory, and cardiovascular functions.

The role of psychosocial factors in the cause of coronary heart disease (CHD) has been investigated with increasing confidence over recent years, due to a number of developments. Large scale prospective studies of psychosocial factors assessed with standardised measures and using all the rigour of modern multivariate epidemiology have begun to produce results.

Stress has been commonly seen as a risk factor of diseases of major public health relevance including Type 2 diabetes and coronary heart disease (CHD).

An influence of stress in their development has been considered a “well-known fact” even to the extent that a pathogenesis of those diseases has been widely attributed to stress.The Role of Psychosocial Factors in the Pathogenesis of Coronary Heart Disease Editors A.

Appels and P. Falger, Maastricht 15 figures, 55 tables, S. Karger •. To elucidate the role of biobehavioral factors in the etiology, pathogenesis and course of coronary heart disease (CHD) and to use this knowledge to devise more effective prevention, treatment and rehabilitation approaches.